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Chapter 57 

Chapter 57
Chapter:
Chapter 57
Author(s):

Ernst Garcon

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199393947.003.0057
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date: 08 April 2020

The case of myelomeningocele reviews the radiological findings, differential diagnoses, and associated malformations of a congenital spinal malformation that is encountered around the newborn period with potential risks of serious neurological complications later in life. It presents the embryogenesis of open neural tube defects (NTD) such as meningocele, myelomeningocele, and lipomyelocele and their associations with folic acid deficiency. It specifically details the MRI characteristics of myelomeningocele and lipomyelocele. It also discusses the value of imaging in the follow-up and management of complications related to surgical repair. Finally, it summarizes the key teaching points that medical students, residents, or any healthcare provider need to know when assisting patient with open NTD.

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