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AIDS Orphans and Other Children Affected by HIV 

AIDS Orphans and Other Children Affected by HIV
Chapter:
AIDS Orphans and Other Children Affected by HIV
Author(s):

Getrude Makurumidze

, Anna Gamell

, and Emili Letang

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199392742.003.0005
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date: 22 October 2019

Since the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the number of deaths in reproductive age groups has led to nearly 18 million children being left orphaned. Orphans are not only faced with the loss of one or both parents but may also suffer loss of property and inheritance, disruption from school, and psychosocial distress from the stigma associated with HIV/AIDS. This chapter explores the psychological, social, and cultural aspects of HIV/AIDS orphanhood. It addresses the financial and emotional support that orphans and their caregivers need, as well as key strategies shown to be effective to protect, support, and empower orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). Such strategies include providing education, psychosocial care and support, household economic strengthening, social protection, health and nutrition, child and legal protection, and capacity building. However, despite the considerable progress achieved, multiple challenges still prevent many OVC from receiving effective care and support. These aspects need to be urgently addressed in order to build evidence-based programs, respond to the needs of all AIDS-affected children, and achieve the dream of an AIDS-free generation.

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