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Clinician Burnout in HIV/AIDS Healthcare 

Clinician Burnout in HIV/AIDS Healthcare
Chapter:
Clinician Burnout in HIV/AIDS Healthcare
Author(s):

Asher D. Aladjem

, and Mary Ann Cohen

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199392742.003.0048
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date: 23 October 2019

Caring for persons with any severe and complex illness in increasingly complex healthcare environments can lead to clinician distress and burnout and at times bereavement overload. The physicians, nurses, social workers, case managers, mental health clinicians, counselors, and other caregivers of persons with HIV are faced with additional factors, including potential for needle sticks and other occupational hazards. This chapter defines and describes the multifactorial nature of burnout as it pertains to clinicians caring for persons with HIV and AIDS and provides a summary of predisposing factors, protective factors, preventive strategies, and ways to provide support and eliminate burnout. Assessment for burnout via the Maslach Burnout Inventory is also addressed. The chapter also addresses the question of whether changes in healthcare, including pressures for productivity, increasing workloads, and increasing use of technology in documentation, have had more or less of an impact on HIV physicians than on other physicians. The prevalence and impact of burnout among HIV physicians is also compared to that of other physicians as well as to that of the general population.

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