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Palliative Care and Spiritual Care of Persons with HIV and AIDS 

Palliative Care and Spiritual Care of Persons with HIV and AIDS
Chapter:
Palliative Care and Spiritual Care of Persons with HIV and AIDS
Author(s):

Anna L. Dickerman

, Yesne Alici

, William Breitbart

, and Harvey Max Chochinov

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199392742.003.0041
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date: 23 October 2019

The meaning and role of palliative and spiritual care have evolved over the last decades, along with the dramatically changing clinical picture of AIDS. Although advances in antiretroviral therapy and medical interventions have allowed persons with HIV/AIDS and access to care to live longer and healthier lives, many persons in the United States and throughout the world continue to die of AIDS. There is an increased need for a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to care including psychosocial and family support. Curative, palliative, and spiritual care should be integrated, without dichotomizing curative and palliative approaches, in order to meet the challenges of AIDS throughout the course of illness. This chapter reviews basic concepts of palliative and spiritual care, as well as specific challenges facing clinicians involved in HIV palliative care. Finally, issues such as bereavement, demoralization, dignity, meaning, cultural sensitivity, doctor–patient communication, and psychiatric contributions to physical symptom control are reviewed.

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