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Childhood and Adolescence 

Childhood and Adolescence
Chapter:
Childhood and Adolescence
Author(s):

Suad Kapetanovic

, Lori Wiener

, Lisa Tuchman

, and Maryland Pao

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199392742.003.0033
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date: 22 October 2019

Mental health professionals need to understand how the psychosocial and mental health needs of HIV-infected youth evolve over time and to be able to identify salient clinical challenges that present with each developmental stage. It is also important to understand that HIV/AIDS affects children’s lives indirectly, by the presence of HIV/AIDS in a family member, even if the child is not HIV infected. This chapter uses a developmental perspective to introduce key mental health objectives in the lives of developing HIV-infected children and adolescents and provides an overview of epidemiological, psychosocial, and clinical parameters to be considered in their clinical care and management. The chapter also addresses issues facing perinatally and behaviorally HIV-infected children and adolescents. Separate sections of the chapter discuss biopsychosocial factors salient to children and adolescents who are affected by HIV infection in the family.

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