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Homelessness and HIV Transmission 

Homelessness and HIV Transmission
Homelessness and HIV Transmission

Kimberly Livingstone

, Daniel B. Herman

, Naomi Adler

, and Ezra S. Susser

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date: 09 July 2020

Homelessness is associated with both poorer health and higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Recent research suggests that with growing availability of antiretroviral therapy and the expansion of housing alternatives for chronically homeless persons, HIV is no longer a leading cause of death among the homeless. Nonetheless, HIV prevalence is significantly higher among homeless persons than among their housed counterparts. This chapter examines the association between HIV/AIDS and homelessness in the United States. After providing a brief overview of homelessness and the characteristics of specific homeless subpopulations, we discuss HIV prevalence, transmission, treatment and prevention among people who are homeless in the United States.

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