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Fatigue and HIV 

Fatigue and HIV
Chapter:
Fatigue and HIV
Author(s):

William Breitbart

, and Anna L. Dickerman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199392742.003.0024
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date: 23 October 2019

Fatigue is commonly reported by persons with HIV and AIDS and is associated with impaired physical function, reduced quality of life, and suboptimal treatment adherence. Patients regard fatigue as an important condition to be addressed because it is disabling and distressing. In the past, fatigue was overlooked and undertreated by physicians, but clinicians caring for persons with HIV and AIDS have been giving more attention to symptom management and patients’ quality of life. Increased attention to symptom management in HIV and AIDS warrants familiarity with major issues in evaluation and treatment of fatigue. This chapter reviews the definition and assessment of fatigue, prevalence of fatigue in HIV/AIDS and its impact on patients, medical and psychological causes of fatigue, and evidence-based treatment strategies.

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