Show Summary Details
Page of

Neuropsychological Evaluation for Persons with HIV and AIDS 

Neuropsychological Evaluation for Persons with HIV and AIDS
Chapter:
Neuropsychological Evaluation for Persons with HIV and AIDS
Author(s):

Bibilola D. Oladeji

, and Kevin R. Robertson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199392742.003.0012
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 August 2019

With recent developments in the classification and definitions for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), neuropsychological assessments have become central to the diagnostic process. The pattern and manifestation of neurocognitive dysfunction associated with HIV have changed since the introduction of effective antiretroviral medications and their increasingly widespread use. Prior to the introduction of antiretroviral therapy, severe cognitive disorder presenting as HIV-associated dementia (HAD) was a common manifestation of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. In more recent times, however, milder forms of neurocognitive impairment have become more common, often being asymptomatic and difficult to recognize without formal neuropsychological testing. Hence, recognizing individuals at most risk for cognitive decline through neuropsychological testing will offer opportunities for developing targeted interventions that could delay disease progression and improve individual functioning and quality of life.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.