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Early Cartography 

Early Cartography
Chapter:
Early Cartography
Author(s):

Marco Catani

and Stefano Sandrone

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199383832.003.0036
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date: 18 May 2021

At the beginning of the twentieth century, an important line of investigation concerning brain’s anatomy and function emerged from the field of microscopy. This was whole-brain cartography based on the study of interregional variations in the cellular and axonal architecture of the cortex. Whole-brain maps had become a sudden possibility owing to the development of new staining methods coupled with the efforts of those prepared to make painstaking observations of thousands of brain slices. It was time-consuming work, and not all cartographers agreed that it was actually possible to understand brain function from such maps. Some of these maps revealed principles of brain organization and are still used nowadays to map functions in the human brain.

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