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On the Cerebral Ventricles 

On the Cerebral Ventricles
Chapter:
On the Cerebral Ventricles
Author(s):

Marco Catani

and Stefano Sandrone

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199383832.003.0018
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date: 18 May 2021

It contains the translation from Vesalius of the chapter on the lateral ventricles. Vesalius was among the first to openly criticise Galen and the ventricular theory. What troubled Vesalius the most was purely a comparative issue. As humans our ventricles are nothing spectacular when compared to other animals. There are no special or extra cavities; they are not even the biggest. In this chapter, Vesalius argues that not only are the number of ventricles the same, ‘but all other things are very much alike in man and animal except in respect to the mass of the brain and a temperamental urge towards upright conduct’. The study of the ventricles continued in modern time. Larger ventricles are found in psychiatric disorders like autism and schizophrenia. However in these disorders larger ventricles are a consequence of the disorder of connections rather than a primary cause.

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