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Ventilators 

Ventilators
Chapter:
Ventilators
Author(s):

Maria Matuszczak

and Madhumani Rupasinghe

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199381623.003.0007
Page of

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date: 20 August 2019

This chapter discusses types, functions, classifications, and mechanisms of ventilators. The choice of a ventilator depends on the clinical setting: operating room, intensive care, transport, and/or home. Ventilation settings and modes with resulting tidal volumes delivered are discussed. All ventilator modes find their indications depending on the patient’s pulmonary pathology and therapeutic needs. Indications, advantages, and disadvantages of the different modes of noninvasive ventilation are discussed. Ventilator modes used in the pediatric population and the significant differences between adults and children are discussed. The standards for ventilatory monitoring and physiologic norms are reviewed, along with the physics supporting each monitor.

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