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Physics of Anesthesia Machine Breathing Systems 

Physics of Anesthesia Machine Breathing Systems
Physics of Anesthesia Machine Breathing Systems

Rhashedah A. Ekeoduru

and Harold Doerr

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date: 28 January 2022

Perioperative hypoxemia can be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. There are many interventions that the anesthesiologist utilizes in both preventing and treating hypoxemia. This chapter discusses equipment most frequently used in the field of anesthesiology for administering perioperative or supplemental oxygen. In addition, a detailed discussion of machine design, as it relates to breathing systems, is reviewed. This chapter also briefly explains potential patient as well as operator safety concerns that can potentially arise when using an anesthesia machine. The physics of ventilatory gases such as desflurane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane are also discussed, along with the overall structure of anesthetic delivery systems.

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