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The Endocrine System 

The Endocrine System
Chapter:
The Endocrine System
Author(s):

Heather McFarland

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199381623.003.0029
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date: 23 October 2019

The endocrine system maintains physiologic homeostasis through the interaction of secretory glands and regulatory hormones. The effects of the endocrine system extend into all body systems and directly impact anesthetic considerations. Understanding the anatomy and physiology of the various components of the endocrine system aids in the safe practice of anesthesia. For example, patients that have insults to the pituitary gland may manifest excess or inadequate levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). If too much ADH is produced by the pituitary gland, then the patient can have very concentrated urine. The basic science understanding of the endocrine system will serve to predict the clinical manifestation and thereby facilitate appropriate management of endocrine pathology.

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