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Renal and Urinary Systems 

Renal and Urinary Systems
Renal and Urinary Systems

Katya H. Chiong

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date: 19 January 2022

An understanding of the renal system is critical to the safe administration of anesthetics and perioperative management. The renal system not only plays an important role in volume regulation but ion homeostasis and cardiovascular tone. The interaction of fluids management and cardiac physiology as they apply to the renal system are discussed along with commonly asked facts and concepts. Renal physiology and the histological structures that facilitate renal function are reviewed. Key equations, which may be intimidating to many readers, are discussed so that such easily testable material is understood prior to completion of the chapter. Furthermore, in depth review of factors that may be detrimental to renal function are reviewed along with their relationship to anesthetic management. Acid base balance and management of ion concentration is discussed. Common drugs that effect renal function along with the mechisms of action of such drugs is discussed as well.

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