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Cardiovascular System 

Cardiovascular System
Chapter:
Cardiovascular System
Author(s):

Erin A. Gottlieb

and Timothy Pawelek

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199381623.003.0025
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date: 19 August 2019

Understanding the basic science of the cardiovascular system is essential in the practice of anesthesiology. All anesthetics and most drugs affect the heart in some capacity. Whether increasing the heart rate or decreasing blood pressure the anesthesiologist must have an in-depth understanding of the cardiovascular system, the effects of anesthesia and the management of cardiovascular pathology in the perioperative setting. In this chapter, the circulatory system and its core physiology are reviewed in detail. Elements effecting cardiac function from histology and physics to electrolytes and drugs are discussed. The topics in this chapter are broad and wide reaching, and the reader will find some relationship to many other chapters after reading the content contained illustrating the broad impact that cardiac disease has on anesthesiology and medicine.

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