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Central Nervous System 

Central Nervous System
Chapter:
Central Nervous System
Author(s):

Andrew Allison

and Jennifer D. Wu

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199381623.003.0020
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date: 21 October 2019

A fundamental understanding of the central nervous system anatomy (CNS) of the brain and spinal cord as well as the physiology of the nervous system is critical in the daily practice of anesthesiology. Volatile anesthetics and intravenous anesthetic all affect the CNS, thus it is imperative that the anesthesiologist understand the management and subsequent effects of the anesthesia in neurosurgical patients. This chapter reviews basic science facts and figures that describe the foundational concepts of anesthetic effects on the nervous system. The reader is also given insight regarding various treatment strategies utilized by neurologists and neurosurgeons for patients with various forms of neurologic pathology.

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