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Chiropractic Care 

Chiropractic Care
Chapter:
Chiropractic Care
Author(s):

Claire D. Johnson

and Bart N. Green

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199380862.003.0009
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date: 19 October 2020

The chiropractic profession developed outside mainstream medicine in the late 1890s and consequently evolved a unique lexicon and approach to health care. Historically, early chiropractors hypothesized that if the nervous system was functioning properly, then tissues of the body that were influenced by nerves would have a greater chance to heal and ward off disease. Currently, chiropractic has advanced as a body-based therapy to focus on musculoskeletal conditions using conservative techniques including manipulation, manual therapies, physical therapy, lifestyle modification, exercise, and nutritional counseling. While doctors of chiropractic focus on the structure-function relationships by decreasing pain and increasing function, they also include health promotion, prevention, and wellness methods. Evidence-based practices suggest that chiropractic is safe and effective for back and neck pain, with some reports of benefits including function, mobility, balance, and other conditions.

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