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Massage and Movement Therapies 

Massage and Movement Therapies
Chapter:
Massage and Movement Therapies
Author(s):

Claire D. Johnson

and Bart N. Green

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199380862.003.0008
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date: 31 March 2020

Manual therapies include an array of body-based techniques; two of the more common are massage and movement therapies. Common goals are to influence structure and improve function. Massage techniques using application of force that target soft tissues include Swedish/classic, deep tissue, sports massage, myofascial release technique, trigger point therapy, and Nimmo. Massage that aims to improve nervous system function includes craniosacral therapy and neuromuscular therapy. Other massage methods aiming to influence subtle changes through reflexes or meridians include acupressure, reflexology, shiatsu, and tui na. Movement therapies, such as Alexander technique, Feldenkrais method, and Rolfing (structural integration), aim to improve posture and balance, and restore functional movement through education and physical treatments. Evidence supports that massage and movement therapies are safe and effective for some musculoskeletal conditions, and emerging evidence suggests they may help with injury prevention and reducing stress and anxiety.

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