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Exploring the Effects of Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Medicine Interventions on Late-Life Mental Illness Through the Basic Mechanisms of Aging 

Exploring the Effects of Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Medicine Interventions on Late-Life Mental Illness Through the Basic Mechanisms of Aging
Chapter:
Exploring the Effects of Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Medicine Interventions on Late-Life Mental Illness Through the Basic Mechanisms of Aging
Author(s):

Harris Eyre

, Bernhard T. Baune

, and Helen Lavretsky

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199380862.003.0001
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date: 31 March 2020

World population aging will place substantial pressure on health systems across the world because of increased rates of chronic diseases and dementia. Conventional treatments of late-life mental illnesses are limited by modest efficacy, significant side-effect profiles, and a limited pipeline of new pharmacological agents; therefore, new and more efficacious therapies are needed. Complimentary, alternative, and integrative medicine (CAIM) interventions promise novel and effective therapies with generally modest side-effect profiles. CAIM interventions have varying levels of efficacy and evidencein aging adults, and can include mind-body practices, physical activity, dietary interventions, natural products, and body-based practices. Understanding the core mechnisms of these interventions and the effects on biological aging can help delay the onset of aging-related mental and physical disorders, thus promoting prevention of disease, especially in the populations at-risk. We review clinical evidence of the CAIM therapies in relation to the mechanisms of aging.

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