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Multimodality Monitoring 

Multimodality Monitoring
Multimodality Monitoring

Maranatha Ayodele

, and Kristine O’Phelan

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date: 05 April 2020

Advancements in the critical care of patients with various forms of acute brain injury (traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, stroke, etc.) in its current evolution recognizes that in addition to the initial insult, there is a secondary cascade of physiological events in the injured brain that contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality. Multimodality monitoring (MMM) in neurocritical care aims to recognize this secondary cascade in a timely manner. With early recognition, critical care of brain-injured patients may then be tailored to preventing and alleviating this secondary injury. MMM includes a variety of invasive and noninvasive techniques aimed at monitoring brain physiologic parameters such as intracranial pressure, perfusion, oxygenation, blood flow, metabolism, and electrical activity. This chapter provides an overview of these techniques and offers a practical guide to their integration and use in the intensive care setting.

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