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Tobacco Use Among Prisoners 

Tobacco Use Among Prisoners
Chapter:
Tobacco Use Among Prisoners
Author(s):

Jennifer Clarke

and Manasa Reddy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199374847.003.0005
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date: 02 July 2022

Despite substantial reductions in the population prevalence of cigarette smoking in many developed countries, smoking remains normative among prisoners throughout the developed world. Furthermore, there has been little primary research on the efficacy of methods to reduce smoking in incarcerated populations. First, this chapter describes the epidemiology of tobacco smoking among inmates, including correlates of smoking in the general population, and drivers of smoking in prisons. Second, it considers current smoking policies and cessation services offered in prisons. Third, it reviews evidence-based strategies, both pharmacological and behavioral, for reducing tobacco consumption during and after incarceration, and details studies that have looked at prison settings specifically. Because best practices in facilities that permit smoking will resemble best practices in the community, the chapter focuses primarily on approaches in smoke-free facilities to reduce relapse to smoking after release. Finally, the chapter discusses challenges to treating tobacco addiction in prison settings.

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