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Liver Transplantation* 

Liver Transplantation*
Chapter:
Liver Transplantation*
Author(s):

J. Eileen Hay

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199373338.003.0040
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date: 04 December 2020

Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is highly effective for patients with liver failure, restoring normal health and a normal lifestyle. Patient survival is excellent; nationally, the survival rate is 86% at 1 year after OLT and 72% at 5 years. Timely evaluation for transplant and optimization of pretransplant care is essential for the potential liver recipient. However, the demand for donor organs greatly exceeds supply. In the United States in 2012, about 5,000 deceased donor organs and only 200 living donor organs were available; currently, about 16,000 patients are on the liver transplant list. Patient selection and organ allocation are 2 major problems.

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