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Gastrointestinal Infections, Clostridium difficile–Associated Disease, and Diverticular Diseasea 

Gastrointestinal Infections, Clostridium difficile–Associated Disease, and Diverticular Diseasea
Chapter:
Gastrointestinal Infections, Clostridium difficile–Associated Disease, and Diverticular Diseasea
Author(s):

Conor G. Loftus

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199373338.003.0021
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date: 28 November 2020

Infections are a common cause of gastrointestinal disease. This chapter focuses on the more common infectious causes of diarrhea, food poisoning, and diverticulitis. Worldwide, an estimated 1 billion cases of infectious diarrhea occur annually, and the death rates are second only to those of cardiovascular disease. Most cases of bacterial diarrhea are acquired from food and can be considered forms of “food poisoning.” In Western societies, colonic diverticulosis affects 5% to 10% of the population older than 45 years and 80% of those older than 85 years. Uninflamed and nonbleeding diverticula are asymptomatic. Diverticular hemorrhage is the second most common cause of colonic bleeding after vascular lesions.

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