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The Human-Technology Interface 

The Human-Technology Interface
The Human-Technology Interface

Frank A. Drews

and Jonathan R. Zadra

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date: 30 November 2020

The goal of this chapter is to outline considerations that are critical for the development of effective human-technology interfaces (HTI) in anesthesiology. It first provides an introduction to the social aspects of human technology interaction (the socio-technical systems perspective). It describes some of the specific properties of monitoring natural systems (i.e., patients) and how they differ from the task of monitoring technical systems (i.e., airplanes). The chapter examines important human factors concepts that should be considered when developing an HTI (e.g., the controls for a new medical device) and describes the currently available types of interfaces in anesthesia by focusing on tasks and devices. It presents considerations of how automation impacts the practice of anesthesiology, with a detailed description of currently available automated systems, and discusses principles of user-centered design. . The chapter concludes with an outlook of how future technologies in anesthesia will pose new challenges for HTI development.

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