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Crisis Resource Management and Patient Safety in Anesthesia Practice 

Crisis Resource Management and Patient Safety in Anesthesia Practice
Chapter:
Crisis Resource Management and Patient Safety in Anesthesia Practice
Author(s):

Amanda R. Burden

, Jeffrey B. Cooper

, and David M. Gaba

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199366149.003.0011
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date: 19 February 2020

Crisis resource management (CRM) and patient safety are fundamental to the practice of anesthesiology. Human error and system failures continue to play a substantial role in preventable errors that lead to adverse outcomes or death. Many of these deaths are not the result of inadequate medical knowledge and skill, but occur because of problems involving communication and team management. CRM addresses these patient safety issues by addressing behavioral skills for critical events. These skills provide tools to help the leader manage the team and to help the team work together; they include calling for help, establishing situation awareness, using checklists, and communicating effectively. Effective strategies to teach these skills include the use of simulation for team training and Team STEPPS.

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