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Pelvic Pain and Floor Dysfunction 

Pelvic Pain and Floor Dysfunction
Chapter:
Pelvic Pain and Floor Dysfunction
Author(s):

Danielle Sarno

, and Farah Hameed

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199350940.003.0024
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date: 09 December 2019

Chronic pelvic pain is defined as persistent pain perceived in structures related to the anatomic pelvis (lower abdomen below the umbilicus) of either women or men for greater than 6 months. The etiology may be related to gynecologic, urologic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, and neurologic causes. Pelvic pain and floor dysfunction often are associated with a musculoskeletal disorder related to the pelvic girdle, spine, or hip. Myofascial pelvic pain may be related to other diagnoses, such as depression, irritable bowel syndrome, endometriosis, constipation, painful bladder syndrome, and chronic urinary tract infections. A thorough history and clinical examination, including an internal pelvic floor musculoskeletal examination, can help identify the underlying etiology. A multidisciplinary approach to management is essential. Pelvic floor physical therapy plays an integral role. Other treatments, such as medications, complementary therapies, and injections, may be used in conjunction with physical therapy to facilitate a comprehensive rehabilitation program and manage symptoms.

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