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Personality and Personality Disorder 

Personality and Personality Disorder
Chapter:
Personality and Personality Disorder
Author(s):

Joel Paris

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199350643.003.0009
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date: 28 January 2022

Personality disorders are difficult to distinguish from normal variations in personality traits. They tend to be under-diagnosed because of a focus on overt symptoms such as dépression or anxiety rather than on psychosocial or interpersonal dysfunction. There is also a danger of overdiagnosis, which has emerged from epidemiological research in which criteria have been too broad. The DSM-5 definitions of personality disorder are rather complex, both in their traditional form, and in an altérative model now included in Section III of the manual: many clinicians find them difficult to apply. There is also a tendency to favor diagnoses of mood disorders that are believed to be susceptible to psychopharmacological intervention.

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