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Overdiagnosis and Over-Treatment 

Overdiagnosis and Over-Treatment
Chapter:
Overdiagnosis and Over-Treatment
Author(s):

Joel Paris

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199350643.003.0003
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date: 27 May 2022

Current neurobiological models of mental illness, accompanied by an increased use of drugs to control symptoms, tend to favor overdiagnosis. This trend has been supported by DSM-5. Yet it is often forgotten that diagnostic manuals are not a guide to treatment. The pigeon-holing of patients with a wide range of psychological symptoms into categories (such as bipolar disorder or ADHD) has been used to justify pharmacological interventions that have been empirically tested in clinical populations who have classical forms of mental disorder, as opposed to falling within spectra. The result is that treatments for this wider range of patients may or may not be valid.

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