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Social, Cognitive, and Behavioral Development of Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder 

Social, Cognitive, and Behavioral Development of Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Chapter:
Social, Cognitive, and Behavioral Development of Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author(s):

Kirstin Brown Birtwell

, Brian Willoughby

, and Lisa Nowinski

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199349722.003.0002
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date: 30 June 2022

Two children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can exhibit widely discrepant developmental trajectories. Despite the heterogeneity within ASD, increased research, public awareness, and state- and federal-specific legislation and advocacy have led to important findings during the past two decades. There is still much to learn, but the field has made significant gains in understanding the social, cognitive, and behavioral developmental underpinnings of ASD. This chapter discusses the social, cognitive, and behavioral variability and patterns of development from childhood to adolescence. Furthermore, current neuropsychological theories of development are explained, including social motivation, social cognitive, executive functioning, and information processing models. Finally, risk factors and predictors of developmental outcomes are identified, and the limitations and direction of the current literature are discussed.

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