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Occupational Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder 

Occupational Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Chapter:
Occupational Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author(s):

Jennifer L. Stornelli

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199349722.003.0019
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date: 24 May 2022

Occupational therapy is an important component of the intervention plan for many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with a focus on improving function and increasing independence through a combination of skill remediation, task modification, and environmental adaptation. Engagement in meaningful and purposeful activity is both the medium for intervention and the outcome. Individuals with ASD often present with a variety of sensory processing differences and related motor challenges. These sensorimotor challenges can have a significant impact on daily activities and routines across all performance areas, including self-care, work, play, and leisure. Occupational therapists examine how these challenges impact individuals’ daily lives. Occupational therapy intervention focuses on developing functional life skills to increase independence and success in daily routines, learning strategies to compensate for or mitigate sensory needs that interfere with success, and creating an environment that supports participation in meaningful activities and the fulfillment of relevant life roles.

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