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Speech and Language Assessment and Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder 

Speech and Language Assessment and Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Chapter:
Speech and Language Assessment and Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author(s):

Katelyn A. Bruno

, Kristina L. Gulati

, and Maria Mody

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199349722.003.0018
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date: 05 July 2022

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by a wide variety of symptoms and levels of impairment that negatively impact communication. Core deficits in speech and language in ASD can take the form of minimal or no speech or delayed onset of speech, poor prosody, and pragmatic skills. These are compounded by anxiety, inattention, and social motivation issues. Speech–language pathologists play a key role in both the communication assessment and treatment of individuals with ASD. Communication assessment is a difficult process in this heterogeneous population but crucial for developing a patient baseline. Therapy frequently includes the use of augmentative and alternative communication devices with voice output capability to enhance functional communication across a variety of settings.

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