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Behavioral Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder 

Behavioral Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Chapter:
Behavioral Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author(s):

Suzannah Iadarola

and Tristram Smith

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199349722.003.0015
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date: 24 May 2022

Behavioral treatments for individuals with autism spectrum disorder are largely based on applied behavior analysis (ABA) and are relevant for learners throughout their development. Although ABA-based interventions are highly individualized and vary on many dimensions, they universally attempt to change behavior by manipulating antecedents and consequences. Research indicates that comprehensive ABA intervention packages, especially early intensive behavioral intervention, can improve multiple areas of development; interventions that blend ABA with strategies emphasizing back-and-forth social communication also show promise. More focused ABA interventions can be used to teach specific skills in areas such as academics, communication, socialization, and adaptive functioning; such interventions can also help reduce problem behavior. In addition, behavioral approaches can assist in managing biobehavioral problems such as sleep, feeding, and toileting.

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