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Pain Assessment Scales, Clinical Tools and Techniques 

Pain Assessment Scales, Clinical Tools and Techniques
Pain Assessment Scales, Clinical Tools and Techniques

Ankit Maheshwari

and Richard D. Urman

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date: 12 July 2020

This chapter highlights the specifics of assessment of the hospitalized chronic pain patient, and the essential role of adequate assessment in safe and effective acute on chronic pain management. Simple measures of pain assessment such as numeric pain scales are applicable for most chronic pain patients. However, in select patient populations such as older adults with severe dementia and patients with complex chronic pain conditions, specialized multidimensional tools are required for assessment and treatment. Common freely available tools can be incorporated into routine clinical practice or help must be sought from a pain specialist to assess patients with complex clinical issues to prevent undertreatment of patients who cannot express their pain and overtreatment of patients who report high pain intensity scores. The baseline pain score should be highlighted.

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