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Psychological and Social Markers of Chronic Pain 

Psychological and Social Markers of Chronic Pain
Chapter:
Psychological and Social Markers of Chronic Pain
Author(s):

Jill Mushkat Conomy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199349302.003.0003
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date: 18 October 2019

This chapter highlights the psychological and social markers of chronic pain. There are distinct psychological and social markers of chronic pain, reflecting the impact of chronic pain on all aspects of an individual's life. The psychological factors incorporate the emotional and cognitive aspects of chronic pain. Social factors extend to issues related to family, friends, work, recreation, and financial and legal components. It is virtually impossible to extricate the individual components from their relationship to one another. It is important to assist the individual in understanding chronic pain exacerbation during hospitalization, to help the person develop realistic expectations for treatment, and encourage the patient to take an active role in his or her own improvement. Treatment involved in this process includes behavioral medicine, cognitive therapy, and biofeedback.

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