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Sarcomas and Other Solid Tumors 

Sarcomas and Other Solid Tumors
Chapter:
Sarcomas and Other Solid Tumors
Author(s):

Melinda Merchant

and Matthew Wright

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199335114.003.0005
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date: 14 April 2021

Sarcoma refers to a malignancy that arises in bone, muscle, or other soft tissues of the body. Pain and swelling are common symptoms that may lead to diagnosis of sarcoma. Extremity sarcomas can cause palpable masses even if small; however, sarcomas that develop in the pelvis or thorax will often grow to a larger size before detection, so that patients may have multiple medical visits prior to an actual diagnosis. The exact treatment of sarcomas will be dependent on the histology and molecular biology of the biopsy sample as well as the stage of disease. The treatment of children with solid tumors requires the teamwork of experts from many disciplines. In addition to pediatric oncologists, surgeons, orthopedic oncologists, and radiation oncologists, important contributors to this team include physical or occupational therapists, child-life specialists, child psychologists and psychiatrists.

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