Show Summary Details
Page of

Pain assessment 

Pain assessment
Pain assessment

Regina M. Fink

, Rose A. Gates

, and Robert K. Montgomery

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 04 December 2021

Pain is multifactorial and affects the whole person and family caregivers, and multiple barriers to pain assessment exist. Patients should be screened for pain on admission to a hospital, clinic, nursing home, hospice, or home care agency. If pain or discomfort is reported, a comprehensive pain assessment should be performed at regular intervals, whenever there is a change in the pain, and after any modifications in the pain management plan. The patient’s self-report of pain is the gold standard, even for those patients who are nonverbal or cognitively impaired. Multiple pain scales are available for use in nonverbal or cognitively impaired patients or residents; these should be used in combination with clinical observation and information from healthcare professionals and family caregivers.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.