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Delirium, confusion, agitation, and restlessness 

Delirium, confusion, agitation, and restlessness
Delirium, confusion, agitation, and restlessness

Debra E. Heidrich

and Nancy K. English

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date: 04 December 2021

Delirium, confusion, and agitation are common symptoms in the palliative care setting and are extremely distressing to both patient and family. Identifying patients at risk of developing these symptoms can lead to early recognition and prompt treatment. The etiology of these symptoms is frequently multifactorial; some causes are reversible and others not. The bedside nurse and advanced practice palliative care nurse are central to the assessment and management of patients experiencing delirium. Patient and family education regarding the reasons for these mental changes and how they will be managed is essential.

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