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History of Psychosomatic Medicine and Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry 

History of Psychosomatic Medicine and Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry
Chapter:
History of Psychosomatic Medicine and Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry
Author(s):

Rolf G. Jacob

, Julie A. Hugo

, and Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199329311.003.0001
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date: 30 March 2020

Psychosomatic medicine explores how psychological, behavioral, and social factors influence the health and quality of life of a person and focuses on the treatment of individuals with concurrent medical and psychiatric illness. The conceptual roots of psychosomatic medicine extend back to ancient Greece. The term came into use in the nineteenth century—as distinguished from the emerging field of “organic” medicine. In modern times the field has continued to grow and has developed subspecializing branches, including behavioral medicine, health psychology, and consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry. In the United States, C-L psychiatry started to evolve in the early 1900s, seeded by the creation of psychiatry departments within the medical hospital as opposed to the asylum. The field underwent a series of developmental changes over the following century, culminating in the garnering of formal subspecialty status in 2003, as “psychosomatic medicine.” The practice of C-L psychiatry was later adopted in Europe and is similar to that in the United States.

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