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Atrial Fibrillation in Women 

Atrial Fibrillation in Women
Atrial Fibrillation in Women

Susan J. Eisenberg

and Taya V. Glotzer

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date: 20 April 2021

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac dysrhythmia and is responsible for approximately one-third of hospitalizations for rhythm disturbances. Without proper medical treatment, AF patients have a 5 times greater risk of stroke than the general population. Sex-based differences in the presentation, symptomatology, clinical course, and response to treatment of AF have been identified. The most worrisome is that women with AF have an increased risk of death, cardiovascular events, and stroke. Research since the early 2000s has yielded significant progress in the understanding, management, and treatment of AF. Identification of sex-specific differences related to AF allows for a more tailored approach to the management of this disorder in women. This chapter reviews sex-based differences in the presentation, treatment, and outcome of patients with AF.

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