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Lead Extraction in Women 

Lead Extraction in Women
Lead Extraction in Women

Ulrika M. Birgersdotter-Green

and Margaret A. Lloyd

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date: 27 July 2021

Expanding indications for cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) have resulted in an enormous increase in the number and complexity of these devices being implanted. More patients live for many years after their initial CIED is implanted, increasing the likelihood that they will outlive the lifespan of their original leads. Associated with increased patient longevity and device complexity is a trend toward an increase in device infections, further adding to the need for lead extraction. This chapter reviews indications, procedural aspects, lead-related issues, and outcomes of lead extraction as they relate to women.

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