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date: 08 March 2021

Definition 424

Classification 424

Cytogenetics 425

Clinical presentation 426

Treatment 429

Prognosis 430

The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS, collectively termed myelodysplasia) incorporate a group of clonal haematopoietic stem cell disorders involving one or more cell lineage(s), characterized by:

Ineffective haematopoiesis 2° to increased apoptosis → one or more cytopenia(s)....

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