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Specific conditions 

Specific conditions
Specific conditions

Andrew R.J. Mitchell

, Nick E.J. West

, Paul Leeson

, and Adrian P. Banning

Page of

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date: 17 October 2019

Aortic stenosis 82

Aortic regurgitation 84

Mitral stenosis 84

Mitral regurgitation 86

Pulmonary valve 88

Tricuspid valve 90

Pulmonary embolism 92

Pulmonary angiography 92

Atrial septal defect 94

Ventricular septal defect 96

Constrictive pericarditis 98

Pericardial tamponade 100

Cardiomyopathy 102

Prior to cardiac catheterization, data from non-invasive studies should have provided a mean and peak gradient, in addition to an estimate of aortic valve area (...

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