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Fluid therapy and fluid replacement 

Fluid therapy and fluid replacement
Chapter:
Fluid therapy and fluid replacement
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199239641.003.0025
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date: 01 December 2021

Fluid therapy 536

Crystalloids 538

Colloids 540

Blood 542

Intraoperative cell salvage 544

Postoperative cell salvage 546

Fluid compartment equilibrium may be disrupted by anaesthesia, surgery and illness.1

Patients undergoing surgery may need IV fluid to replace abnormal losses of fluid from bleeding or ‘third space’ loss. This usually amounts to approximately 10mL/kg/hour of surgery....

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