Show Summary Details
Page of

Choice of opioids and the WHO ladder 

Choice of opioids and the WHO ladder
Choice of opioids and the WHO ladder

Paul Glare

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 October 2021

Chapter 18 discusses the choice of strong opioids and the WHO ladder, and that prescribing opioids is currently based on clinical considerations such as the severity of pain, the drug’s half-life and other pharmacokinetic parameters, available formulations, response (efficacy and toxicity) to previous opioids, comorbidities, and cost.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.