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Hydromorphone 

Hydromorphone
Chapter:
Hydromorphone
Author(s):

Columba Quigley

and Paul Glare

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199236640.003.0014
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date: 22 September 2020

Chapter 14 discusses Hydromorphone (HM), also known as dihydromorphinone in the older literature, a semi-synthetic derivative of morphine with a long history of successful use as an opioid analgesic, having been developed in 1922 by Knoll and used for cancer pain since 1932. It is almost pharmacologically identical to morphine but has the advantages of high solubility in water and availability in a variety of dosage forms. HM is widely used for opioid rotation in cancer pain management, even though there is currently no evidence for any clinically significant differences between HM and morphine in terms of efficacy or tolerance. Uncertainty remains about the correct oral-to-parenteral ratio for HM, and the equipotency ratio between HM and other strong opioids.

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