Show Summary Details
Page of

Control of pain and anxiety 

Control of pain and anxiety
Control of pain and anxiety
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 January 2022

Local anaesthesia 366

Using local anaesthesia in dentistry 368

Conscious sedation 370

General anaesthesia 374

Alternative methods of controlling anxiety 376

A local anaesthetic (LA) is a drug administered to a patient to numb an area being operated on so that a dental procedure can be carried out without pain. It is generally given as an injection of a solution of LA into the tissues of the mouth. Injections can be made into the buccal fold of the mucosa, the palate (infiltration), or the region of a specific nerve (nerve block). Following an infiltration injection, only a small area (1 or 2 teeth) is affected, but following a nerve block all the tissues or structures supplied by that nerve are affected. Hence, an inferior dental (ID; sometimes called ‘inferior alveolar’) block will anaesthetize all the lower teeth, in addition to the buccal gum, on 1 side....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.