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Classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus 

Classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus
Classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus

K. George M.M. Alberti

and Paul Zimmet

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date: 27 January 2022

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases of multiple aetiologies characterized by hyperglycaemia together with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The chronic hyperglycaemia of diabetes is associated with microvascular damage affecting, particularly, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart, together with an increased risk of macrovascular disease (1).

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