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Bone disease in older people 

Bone disease in older people
Chapter:
Bone disease in older people
Author(s):

R. L. Prince

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199235292.003.0146
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date: 16 June 2019

Bone disease is a common problem in the elderly, and its clinical manifestation are a major preventable public health problem. The disorders of the skeleton have been classified in a variety of ways, an approach which tends to restrict understanding of the clinical problem in a particular patient. Frequently, several separate disorders coexist, each contributing to impairment of bone form or function, and each requiring a separate intervention.

The major categories of disorder are osteoporosis, too little bone within the bone, osteomalacia, impaired mineralization of bone matrix, and infiltration of bone with cancer cells. Each represents a distinct pathological processes that results in abnormal bone structure and function, which may present as bone pain and/or fracture.

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