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Post-operative pain 

Post-operative pain
Post-operative pain

Elizabeth Ashley

and Mano Doraiswami

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date: 19 June 2021

Pain relief is a basic human right.

Pain has detrimental acute and chronic effects on the physiology and psychology of patients.

Inadequately controlled pain can cause post-operative morbidity, prolong recovery time, increase the use of health care resources, thereby increasing total health care costs.

Post-operative pain is most effectively managed with a multimodal approach.

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