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Acute pain in pregnancy 

Acute pain in pregnancy
Acute pain in pregnancy

John F.R. Dick

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date: 18 June 2021

Labour pain can be severe, and relieving this pain can reduce physiological stress on mother and baby.

Epidural and spinal analgesia is by far the most effective modality.

Epidurals do not increase the likelihood of Caesarean delivery.

Entonox is the next best choice for labour analgesia.

Intravenous opioids, especially pethidine, have very little analgesic effect and cause sedation as well as other negative effects on the mother and baby.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation has a limited role confined to early labour.

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